Behaviour refers to organisms (including humans and other animals ) movement, of action, and to which the environment and other organisms or objects one reaction. The part of speech is neutral. In terms of biological adaptation to the environment, the behaviour has a very important meaning and helps to avoid being affected by negative environmental factors. In the society of humans or other social animals, some behaviours are not accepted.
For animals, behavior can be conscious or unconscious , voluntary or involuntary. And it is controlled by the endocrine system and nervous system . It is generally believed that the complexity of behavior is related to the complexity of the nervous system of the organism. If the nervous system of an organism is more complex, the more likely it is to learn new reactions and adjust its behavior. Or sudden changes in behavior.
Plants and bacteria can be activated by external factors, such as the phototaxis of blue-green algae . Higher plants do not have the ability to move, but still behave according to changes in the outside world. For example, it blooms according to the change of day and night, and its leaves are phototropic. Even insectivorous plants can catch insects.
Behaviourism is a branch of psychology, which advocates that psychology should study behaviours that can be observed and directly measured, and opposes research on consciousness without scientific basis. Humanistic psychologists study behaviour, but not through some simplified behaviour, as a combination of ingredients, elements, and laboratory experimental variables. Instead, they look for patterns of behaviour in people’s lives. In sharp contrast with behaviourists, humanistic psychologists focus on the subjective world experienced by the individual, rather than the objective world seen by observers and researchers. In this sense, they are also considered phenomenologists—those who study the individual’s personal views of events. Humanistic psychologists also try to study the whole person, applying a holistic view to human psychology. They believe that true understanding requires a complete set of knowledge about the individual’s mind, body, and behaviour accompanied by an understanding of social and cultural forces.
In biology, there are still some disagreements on how to accurately define behavior, but according to the analysis of scientific literature, one thing can be found in common: behavior is the coordinated response of biological individuals or groups to internal or external stimuli, which may be actions or No action.
Behaviour can be divided into two categories:
- Innate behaviour
- learning behaviour
Behavior can be regarded as the action of the organism to change the relationship between the environment and the output of the organism to the environment.
For beginners, avoiding external interference is particularly important. Turn off the TV, mobile phones and other devices that may make noise. If you want to listen to music, try to choose quiet, soft, and repetitive music to ensure concentration. Another way is to unscrew the tap a little bit-the constant sound of running water can calm you down. One thing you need to understand is that meditation does not require a completely silent environment, so there is no need to wear earplugs. The roar of the lawnmower outside and the barking of the dog next door will not hinder the effective progress of meditation. In fact, being aware of these noises and learning to ignore them and concentrate on meditation is an important part of successful meditation. For many people, meditating outdoors is a good choice. As long as you are not sitting on a busy road or in other noisy places. You can choose to sit under a tree or on your favourite lawn in the garden.
Legal behavior refers to physical activity based on the free will of human beings.
According to the jurisprudence point of view, a legal act is an act performed by a social subject that can have legal effect and produce a certain legal effect, including legal acts and illegal acts. The basic characteristics are sociality and legality: legality means that legal acts have social significance, and legality means that legal acts must be adjusted by legal norms.
The attribution of criminal responsibility is based on behaviour. Some believe that the behaviours with criminal law significance are the behaviours of personality, that is, the behaviours of “psychological/mental phenomena”; there are also those who believe that the behaviours with criminal law significance are human behaviours dominated and dominated by intention, and the internal elements must be meaningful. For the possibility of domination, external factors must have socially important physical behaviour. Pure reflex actions, reactions in sleep, behaviours under absolute compulsion, and convulsions due to illness are not criminal acts.
Acts are the objects of rights and obligations in civil law, and all objects of rights and obligations other than things are acts.
Computer Science Perspective
In computer science with acts as an anthropomorphic structure. To illustrate how a computer application or a certain piece of code reacts to input.
In object-oriented programming, categories are used to define the abstract characteristics of things, and what a category can do is called behavior. which generally corresponds to the method in the category. For example, there may be methods in the category “dog” that correspond to the behavior of “barking”.
In functional reactive programming ( English: functional reactive programming ), the behaviour is an important concept, and it is a value that changes over time.
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- Animal behaviour
- Behavioural Economics
- Behavioral Science
- Organizational Behavior
- social relationship
- Cognitive bias